Biologically mediated resorption of brushite cement in vitro

Liam Grover, U Gbureck, Adrian Wright, Maryjane Tremayne, Jake Barralet

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77 Citations (Scopus)


A new calcium phosphate cement is reported, which sets to form a matrix consisting of brushite, dicalcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and an amorphous phase following the mixture of beta-tricalcium phosphate with an aqueous pyrophosphoric acid solution. This reactant combination set within a clinically relevant time-frame (approximately 10 min) and exhibited a higher compressive strength (25 MPa) than previously reported brushite cements. The in vitro degradation of the beta-tricalcium phosphate-pyrophosphoric acid cement was tested in both phosphate buffered saline and bovine serum. The pyrophosphate ion containing cement reported here was found not to be hydrolysed to form hydroxyapatite in vitro like beta-tricalcium phosphate-orthophosphoric acid solution cements. This finding is significant since the formation of hydroxyapatite by hydrolysis is thought to retard in vivo degradation of brushite cements. When aged in bovine serum, the cement lost considerably more mass than when aged in phosphate buffered saline, indicating that proteins, most likely phosphatase enzymes played an important role in the degradation. As pyrophosphate ions are thought to be the source of orthophosphate ions during bone mineralisation, this new class of bone cement offers a route to new degradable synthetic bone grafting materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2178-2185
Number of pages8
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006


  • brushite
  • degradation
  • alkaline phosphatase
  • pyrophosphate
  • in vitro test
  • calcium phosphate cement


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