Binding and separation of CO2, SO2 and C2H2 in homo- and hetero-metallic metal–organic framework materials

Lydia Briggs, Ruth Newby, Xue Han, Christopher G. Morris, Mathew Savage, Cristina Perez Krap, Timothy L. Easun, Mark D. Frogley, Gianfelice Cinque, Claire A. Murray, Chiu C. Tang, Junliang Sun, Sihai Yang, Martin Schröder

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Abstract

We report the adsorption of C2H2, CO2 and SO2 in a new, ultra-stable Cr(III)-based MOF, MFM-300(Cr), {[Cr2(OH)2(L)], H4L = biphenyl-3,3′,5,5′-tetracarboxylic acid}. MFM-300(Cr) shows uptakes of 7.37, 7.73 and 8.59 mmol g−1 for CO2, C2H2 and SO2, respectively, at 273 K, 1.0 bar, and shows a higher selectivity for SO2/CO2 compared with the Al(III) analogue MFM-300(Al) (selectivity of 79 vs. 45). In order to monitor the effects of changing metal centre on gas uptake and to integrate the properties of the homometallic analogues, the mixed metal MFM-300(Al0.67Cr0.33), [Al1.34Cr0.66(OH)2(L)] has been synthesised. In situ synchrotron micro-FTIR spectroscopy has identified distinct CO2 binding environments on Al–O(H)–Al, Cr–O(H)–Cr and Al–O(H)–Cr bridges in MFM-300(Al0.67Cr0.33), and we have determined the binding domains for these gases by in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction in both MFM-300(Cr) and MFM-300(Al0.67Cr0.33). The capability of these materials for gas separation has been confirmed by dynamic breakthrough experiments. The incorporation of Al(III) and Cr(III) within the same framework allows tuning of the host–guest and guest–guest interactions within these functional porous materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7190-7197
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume9
Issue number11
Early online date15 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2021

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