BIFoR FACE: water–soil–vegetation–atmosphere data from a temperate deciduous forest catchment, including under elevated CO2

A. Rob Mackenzie*, Stefan Krause, Kris M. Hart, Richard M. Thomas, Phillip J. Blaen, R. Liz Hamilton, Giulio Curioni, Susan E. Quick, Angeliki Kourmouli, David M. Hannah, Sophie A. Comer‐warner, Nicolai Brekenfeld, Sami Ullah, Malcolm C. Press

*Corresponding author for this work

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The ecosystem services provided by forests modulate runoff generation processes, nutrient cycling and water and energy exchange between soils, vegetation and atmosphere. Increasing atmospheric CO2 affects many linked aspects of forest and catchment function in ways we do not adequately understand. Global levels of atmospheric CO2 will be around 40% higher in 2050 than current levels, yet estimates of how water and solute fluxes in forested catchments will respond to increased CO2 are highly uncertain. The Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) facility of the University of Birmingham's Institute of Forest Research (BIFoR) is the only FACE in mature deciduous forest. The site specializes in fundamental studies of the response of whole ecosystem patches of mature, deciduous, temperate woodland to elevated CO2 (eCO2). Here, we describe a dataset of hydrological parameters – seven weather parameters at each of three heights and four locations, shallow soil moisture and temperature, stream hydrology and CO2 enrichment – retrieved at high frequency from the BIFoR FACE catchment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14096
Number of pages8
JournalHydrological Processes
Issue number3
Early online date17 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to the editor and referees for their careful and constructive efforts to improve this note. We acknowledge the considerable scientific input of visiting fellows (David Ellsworth, Kristine Crous, Debbie Hemming, Rich Norby, Theresa Blume and Mantha Phanikumar) and former researchers (Will Allwood, Alex Poynter). We gratefully acknowledge strategic guidance from BIFoR Directors (Rob Jackson, Jerry Pritchard, and Nicola Spence) and the Science Committee (Christine Foyer, Vincent Gauci, Francis Pope, and Estrella Luna Diez). BIFoR FACE is supported by the JABBS Trust, Norbury Park Estate, The John Horseman Trust, Ecological Continuity Trust, the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC; grants NE/S015833/1, NE/P003486/1, NE/N020502/1; NE/T000449/1; NE/T012323/1), and the University of Birmingham.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Hydrological Processes published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • climate change
  • elevated carbon dioxide
  • long-term monitoring
  • soil moisture
  • soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer
  • stream metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology


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