Beyond punishment: Doping, deterrence, and moral disengagement

Miranda Kaye, Ian Boardley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


When athletes use performance enhancing drugs, they violate the nature of sport. With the recent doping scandals in Olympic and professional sport, current deterrence methods do not appear to be effective. Thus it is important to better understand why athletes engage in Performance Enhancing Drug (PED) use. Evidence associating doping with moral disengagement is accumulating and suggests that mechanisms of moral disengagement may play an important role in facilitating doping by allowing athletes to rationalize their PED use. We suggest that a more detailed understanding of moral disengagement could assist in reducing PED use in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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