Beta and gamma synchronous oscillations in neural network activity in mice-induced by food deprivation

Nifareeda Samerphob, Acharaporn Issuriya, Dania Cheaha, Surapong Chatpun, Ole Jensen, Ekkasit Kumarsnit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Food deprivation is known to trigger hunger sensation and motivation to eat for energy replenishing. However, brain mechanisms associated with hunger and neural circuitries that mediate hunger driven responses remained to be investigated. To understand neural signaling of hunger, local field potentials (LFPs) in the lateral hypothalamus (LHa), nucleus accumbens (NAc), dorsal hippocampus (HP) and olfactory bulb (OB) and their interconnectivities were studied in freely moving adult male Albino mice during 18–20 h food deprivation and fed periods. Raw LFP signals were recorded and analyzed for mean values of spectral frequency power and coherence values. One-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed significant increases in spectral powers of beta and gamma frequency ranges induced by food deprivation in the LHa, HP, NAc but not OB. No change of spectral power in these brain regions was induced by food feeding. The analyses of coherent activity between brain regions also deliniated some distributed neural network activities correlated with hunger. In particular, coherent function indicated the increased beta and gamma phase synchrony between the pairs of LHa-HP and NAc-OB regions, and decreased gamma synchrony between the pairs of LHa-NAc and NAc-HP induced by food deprivation. It was found that plasma glucose level, locomotor count, travelled distance and time spent on moving were not altered by food deprivation. These results suggest that changes in LFP hallmarks in these brain regions were associated with hunger driven by negative energy balance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number134398
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Early online date22 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2019


  • Local field potential
  • Spectral power
  • Coherence
  • Hunger
  • Fasting


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