Behaviour of stainless steel beam-to-column joints-Part 2: numerical modelling and parametric study

Mohamed Elflah, Marios Theofanous*, Samir Dirar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
217 Downloads (Pure)


This paper reports a detailed numerical (FE) study on planar stainless steel beam-to-column joints. A nonlinear FE model is developed and validated against the first set on full-scale tests on stainless steel beam-to-column joints reported in the companion paper. The FE model is shown to accurately replicate the experimentally determined, initial stiffness, ultimate resistance, overall moment-rotation response and observed failure modes. Parametric studies are conducted to obtain the moment-rotation characteristics of a wide range of beam-to-column joints classified as semi-rigid and/or partial strength. Due to the low ductility of the bolts compared to the high ductility exhibited by all other stainless steel joint components, in all cases the strength and ductility of the simulated joints is limited by the failure of the connecting bolts. The design rules for stainless steel connections, which are based on the specifications of EN 1993-1-8 for carbon steel joints, are reviewed and are found to be overly conservative in terms of strength and inaccurate in terms of stiffness thus necessitating the development of novel design guidance in line with the observed structural response. These conclusions are in agreement with the ones reported in the companion paper.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Early online date30 Apr 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Apr 2018


  • Stainless steel joints
  • beam-to-column joints
  • Eurocode 3
  • Numerical Modelling
  • semi-rigid connections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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