PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While previous reviews have extended descriptions of the behavioural phenotype of Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) significantly, potential changes with age across the lifespan have been neglected. Age-related difference in the behavioural phenotype constitutes preliminary evidence of change with age. Documenting and understanding the developmental trajectories of behaviours is informative as it enables identification of risk periods for behavioural challenges and compromised mental health.
RECENT FINDINGS: Recent cross sectional, longitudinal and mixed design studies report differing presentations of the behavioural phenotype across the lifespan. Of particular interest are autistic characteristics and behaviours consistent with compromised mental health, particularly anxiety and negative affect, which are reported to be more common and severe in older individuals. Preliminary evidence for identified causal pathways with consideration of biological, cognitive and environmental factors are discussed.
SUMMARY: Older individuals with CdLS appear to be at greater risk of poorer psychological wellbeing than younger peers with significant implications for risk informed preventive and early interventions. Further work is required to document the behavioural phenotype across the lifespan with consideration of multiple factors that may influence the trajectory and extent of negative outcomes.