Beam profiling of a commercial lens-assisted terahertz time domain spectrometer

Suzanna Freer, Andrei Gorodetsky, Miguel Navarro-Cia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
334 Downloads (Pure)


To undertake THz spectroscopy and imaging, and accurately design and predict the performance of quasi-optical components, knowledge of the parameters of the beam (ideally Gaussian) emitted from a THz source is paramount. Despite its proliferation, relatively little work has been done on this in the frame of broadband THz photoconductive antennas. Using primarily pinhole scanning methods, along with stepwise angular spectrum simulations, we investigate the profile and polarization characteristics of the beam emitted by a commercial silicon-lensintegrated THz photoconductive antenna and collimated by a TPX (polymethylpentene) lens. Our study flags the limitations of the different beam profiling methods and their impact on the beam Gaussianity estimation. A non-Gaussian asymmetric beam is observed, with main lobe beam waists along x and y varying from 8.4±0.7 mm and 7.7±0.7 mm at 0.25 THz, to 1.4±0.7 mm and 1.4±0.7 mm at 1 THz, respectively. Additionally, we report a maximum cross-polar component relative to the on-axis co-polar component of -11.6 dB and -21.2 dB, at 0.25 THz and 1 THz, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9205572
Pages (from-to)90-100
JournalIEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology
Issue number1
Early online date24 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Gaussian beams
  • beam profile
  • edge diffraction
  • imaging
  • quasi-optics
  • terahertz
  • time-domain spectrometer


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