Bayesian modelling of the cool core galaxy group NGC 4325

PA Russell, Trevor Ponman, Alastair Sanderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


We present an X-ray analysis of the radio-quiet cool-core galaxy group NGC 4325 (z = 0.026) based on Chandra and ROSAT observations. The Chandra data were analysed using XSPEC deprojection, 2D spectral mapping and forward-fitting with parametric models. Additionally, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo method was used to perform a joint Bayesian analysis of the Chandra and ROSAT data. The results of the various analysis methods are compared, particularly those obtained by forward-fitting and deprojection. The spectral mapping reveals the presence of cool gas displaced up to 10 kpc from the group centre. The Chandra X-ray surface brightness shows the group core to be highly disturbed, and indicates the presence of two small X-ray cavities within 15 kpc of the group core. The XSPEC deprojection analysis shows that the group has a particularly steep entropy profile, suggesting that an active galactic nucleus (AGN) outburst may be about to occur. With the evidence of prior AGN activity, but with no radio emission currently observed, we suggest that the group in a pre-outburst state, with the cavities and displaced gas providing evidence of a previous, weak AGN outburst.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1228
Number of pages12
JournalRoyal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2007


  • X-rays : galaxies : clusters
  • X-rays : galaxies
  • cooling flows
  • galaxies : general
  • galaxies : clusters : general
  • galaxies : individual : N4325


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