Autistic Traits in an Internet Sample of Gender Variant UK Adults

Z E Kristensen, M R Broome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Recent studies have reported a high prevalence of autistic spectrum conditions (ASCs) in adults with gender dysphoria (GD) versus the general population (Jones et al., 2012; Pasterski, Gilligan, Curtis, 2014). This study utilized snowball sampling to collect data on gender identities, self-reported diagnoses of ASCs, and AQ-10 scores of individuals with GD. Of 446 respondents, 14% reported an ASC diagnosis. Higher AQ-10 scores were observed in those defining as male (M = 5.66, 95% CI [5.10, 6.22]) versus those defining as female (M = 4.25, 95% CI [3.55, 4.35] ) and in those assigned female-at-birth (M = 5.67, 99.9% CI [4.91, 6.43]) versus those assigned as male-at-birth (M = 4.11, 99.9% CI [3.53, 4.69] ). The genderqueer group (M = 5.73, 95% CI = [5.20, 6.26]) had the highest observed mean AQ-10 score. This study has implications for the management of those with GD and for researchers owing to both the large number of nonbinary individuals identified and to the complexities identified surrounding language when researching this group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-245
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Transgenderism
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015


  • Autism
  • autism spectrum conditions
  • gender dysphoria
  • nonbinary
  • psychiatry
  • transgender


Dive into the research topics of 'Autistic Traits in an Internet Sample of Gender Variant UK Adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this