Attention bias in test anxiety: the impact of a test-threat congruent situation, presentation time, and approach-avoidance temperament

David Putwain, Wendy Symes, Elaine Coxon, Diahann Gallard

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    145 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Previous studies have shown that test anxiety is related to attention bias. It is not clear, however, whether a congruent test-threat manipulation is required to elicit this bias or whether the bias is a result of automatic or conscious processes. In the present study we used a mood induction procedure to examine attention bias in test anxious persons using a dot-probe task and incorporated approach-avoidance temperament as a possible moderator. Results showed that the mood induction procedure was not effective in manipulating state anxiety. In the absence of an effective test-threat manipulation, high test anxious persons showed attention bias towards supraliminal threat stimuli. Attention bias was only shown to subliminal threat stimuli in high test anxious persons with a strong approach temperament. This suggests that the mechanism for attention bias to threat stimuli in high test anxious persons is a result of both automatic and conscious processes.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEducational Psychology
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2020

    Keywords

    • Test anxiety
    • approach-avoidance temperament
    • attention bias

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Education
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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