Recent studies suggest that epi-transcriptome regulation via post-transcriptional RNA modifications is vital for all RNA types. Precise identification of RNA modification sites is essential for understanding the functions and regulatory mechanisms of RNAs. Here, we present MultiRM, a method for the integrated prediction and interpretation of post-transcriptional RNA modifications from RNA sequences. Built upon an attention-based multi-label deep learning framework, MultiRM not only simultaneously predicts the putative sites of twelve widely occurring transcriptome modifications (m6A, m1A, m5C, m5U, m6Am, m7G, Ψ, I, Am, Cm, Gm, and Um), but also returns the key sequence contents that contribute most to the positive predictions. Importantly, our model revealed a strong association among different types of RNA modifications from the perspective of their associated sequence contexts. Our work provides a solution for detecting multiple RNA modifications, enabling an integrated analysis of these RNA modifications, and gaining a better understanding of sequence-based RNA modification mechanisms.