Asymptomatic atrial fibrillation: clinical correlates, management and outcomes in the EORP-AF Pilot General Registry

Giuseppe Boriani, Cecile Laroche, Igor Diemberger, Elisa Fantecchi, Mircea Ioachim Popescu, Lars Hvilsted Rasmussen, Gianfranco Sinagra, Lucian Petrescu, Luigi Tavazzi, Aldo P. Maggioni, Gregory Yh. Lip

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Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation is often asymptomatic but outcomes need further characterization.
Aims: To investigate clinical presentation, management and outcomes in asymptomatic and symptomatic atrial fibrillation patients prospectively enrolled in the EurObservational Research Programme – Atrial Fibrillation (EORP-AF) Pilot General Registry.
Results: A total of 3119 patients were enrolled, and 1237 (39.7%) were asymptomatic (EHRA score I). Among symptomatic patients, 963 (51.2%) had mild symptoms (EHRA score II) while 919 (48.8%) had severe or disabling symptoms (EHRA III-IV). Permanent atrial fibrillation was threefold more common in asymptomatic than in symptomatic patients.On multivariate analysis, male gender (OR 1.630, 95% CI 1.384-1.921), older age (OR 1.019, 95% CI 1.012-1.026), previous myocardial infarction (OR 1.681, 95% CI 1.350-2.093), and limited physical activity (OR 1.757, 95% CI 1.495-2.064) were significantly associated with asymptomatic (EHRA I) atrial fibrillation.Fully asymptomatic atrial fibrillation (absence of current and previous symptoms) was present in 520 patients (16.7%), and was independently associated with male gender, age and previous myocardial infarction. Appropriate guideline-based prescription of oral anticoagulants was lower in these patients, while aspirin was more frequently prescribed.In asymptomatic patients, mortality at 1 year was more than two-fold higher compared to symptomatic patients (9.4 vs. 4.2%, p<0.0001), and was independently associated with older age and comorbidities, including chronic kidney disease and chronic heart failure.
Conclusions: Asymptomatic atrial fibrillation is common in daily cardiology practice, being associated with elderly age and more co-morbidities, as well as high thromboembolic risks. A higher 1-year mortality was found in asymptomatic compared to symptomatic patients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe American Journal of Medicine
Early online date19 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Dec 2014

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