INTRODUCTION: Two MspI polymorphisms in the ApoA-I gene (G-75A and C83T) have been shown to be associated with plasma HDL-cholesterol levels.
METHODS: We used a PCR-based RFLP method to determine the association of these polymorphisms with lipid parameters in 271 non-diabetic, normotriglyceridaemic Chinese subjects, of whom 104 were patients with hypertension, with 10.2% having hypercholesterolaemia and the remainder were controls.
RESULTS: As expected, the hypertensive group had higher blood pressure and indices of obesity, and a more adverse lipid profile. No differences in the ApoA-I G-75A genotype or allele frequency distributions between the controls and patients were identified. However, there was a significantly lower frequency of the CT genotype (p=0.012) and T allele (p=0.011) in the affected subjects with hypercholesterolaemia or hypertension. Similarly, blood pressure and triglyceride levels were significantly lower and HDL-cholesterol levels significantly higher in the subjects with the CT genotype compared to those with the CC genotype (p<0.05). However, the G-75A genotypes did not appear to influence the lipid or blood pressure levels. The -75A allele frequency was higher in our healthy controls than an equivalent Caucasian population (31.1% vs. 18.3%, p<0.001), whereas the 83T allele frequency was similar between the healthy Chinese and Caucasian groups.
CONCLUSION: The 83T allele may be associated with a better lipid profile and blood pressure levels in this group of Chinese subjects.
- Apolipoprotein A-I
- Asian Continental Ancestry Group
- Blood Pressure
- Cholesterol, HDL
- Gene Frequency
- Hong Kong
- Middle Aged
- Polymerase Chain Reaction
- Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length