Microband biosensors were fabricated from a screen-printed water-based carbon ink containing cobalt phthalocyanine redox mediator and glucose oxidase or lactate oxidase enzyme. The microbiosensors were characterised for their ability to monitor ferrocyanide and H O in phosphate buffer solution: sigmoidal cyclic voltammograms, high current density values and steady-state amperometric responses confirmed the existence of radial-diffusion-limiting microelectrode behaviour. The lactate microband biosensors were then used, in conjunction with a screen-printed Ag/AgCl reference and platinum counter electrode, to monitor lactate levels in culture medium, with a linear range of 0.5-5 mM, sensitivity of 20 nA.mM , and dynamic range up to >9 mM. The lactate microband biosensors could operate continuously in culture medium over extended times (up to 24 h) at 37 °C. These biosensors were then applied to detect changes in lactate release from cultured cells in response to toxic challenge: m-dinitrobenzene (500 μM) caused a reduction in lactate production by high-passage number HepG2 single cells; D-galactosamine (20 mM) induced release of lactate by HepG2 spheroid cultures. This novel use of microband biosensors in cell culture has the potential for further application in toxicity monitoring, in both environmental and pharmaceutical areas.