AP2σ mutations impair calcium-sensing receptor trafficking and signaling, and show an endosomal pathway to spatially direct G-Protein selectivity

Caroline M Gorvin, Angela Rogers, Benoit Hastoy, Andrei I Tarasov, Morten Frost, Silvia Sposini, Asuka Inoue, Michael P Whyte, Patrik Rorsman, Aylin C Hanyaloglu, Gerda E Breitwieser, Rajesh V Thakker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Spatial control of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling, which is used by cells to translate complex information into distinct downstream responses, is achieved by using plasma membrane (PM) and endocytic-derived signaling pathways. The roles of the endomembrane in regulating such pleiotropic signaling via multiple G-protein pathways remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of disease-causing mutations of the adaptor protein-2 σ subunit (AP2σ) on signaling by the class C GPCR calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). These AP2σ mutations increase CaSR PM expression yet paradoxically reduce CaSR signaling. Hypercalcemia-associated AP2σ mutations reduced CaSR signaling via Gαq/11 and Gαi/o pathways. The mutations also delayed CaSR internalization due to prolonged residency time of CaSR in clathrin structures that impaired or abolished endosomal signaling, which was predominantly mediated by Gαq/11. Thus, compartmental bias for CaSR-mediated Gαq/11 endomembrane signaling provides a mechanistic basis for multidimensional GPCR signaling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1066
Number of pages13
JournalCell Reports
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2018

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