Antarctic sea ice region as a source of biogenic organic nitrogen in aerosols

Manuel Dall'Osto, Jurgita Ovadnevaite, Marco Paglione, David C.S. Beddows, Darius Ceburnis, Charlotte Cree, Pau Cortés, Marina Zamanillo, Sdena O. Nunes, Gonzalo L. Pérez, Eva Ortega-Retuerta, Mikhail Emelianov, Dolors Vaqué, Cèlia Marrasé, Marta Estrada, M. Montserrat Sala, Montserrat Vidal, Mark F. Fitzsimons, Rachael Beale, Ruth AirsMatteo Rinaldi, Stefano Decesari, Maria Cristina Facchini, Roy Harrison, Colin O'Dowd, Rafel Simó, Roy Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Climate warming affects the development and distribution of sea ice, but at present the evidence of polar ecosystem feedbacks on climate through changes in the atmosphere is sparse. By means of synergistic atmospheric and oceanic measurements in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica, we present evidence that the microbiota of sea ice and sea ice-influenced ocean are a previously unknown significant source of atmospheric organic nitrogen, including low molecular weight alkyl-amines. Given the keystone role of nitrogen compounds in aerosol formation, growth and neutralization, our findings call for greater chemical and source diversity in the modelling efforts linking the marine ecosystem to aerosol-mediated climate effects in the Southern Ocean.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6047
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Element cycles
  • Marine chemistry
  • Atmospheric chemistry
  • Atmospheric dynamics
  • Carbon cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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