Anomalous acid diffusion in a triphenylene molecular resist with melamine crosslinker

H Zaid, Mayandithevar Manickam, Jon Preece, Richard Palmer, Alexander Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Next generation lithography will require next generation resists. Molecular resists, based on small non-polymeric molecules, promise improvements in line width roughness and resolution control for high resolution lithographic patterns. However, these materials are generally not sensitive enough for commercial application. We have investigated the application of a common chemical amplification scheme to molecular resists. The triphenylene derivative C5/C0 (symmetrical 2,6,11-trihydroxy-3,7,11-tris(pentyloxy)triphenylene), mixed with the crosslinker hexamethoxymethyl melamine and the photoacid generator triphenylsulfonium triflate shows a substantial sensitivity enhancement, requiring a dose of only 5 mu C/cm(2) compared with the pure triphenylene sensitivity of 6500 mu C/cm(2) at 20 keV. Previous work has indicated that the acid diffusion length of the photoacid generator used here is around 350 nm and that the diffusion length decreases with film thickness. However, in this molecular resist system anomalous levels of acid diffusion were observed, indicating that previous results for polymeric systems may not hold true for these new materials. Initial results indicate that the acid diffusion length in this system may be on the order of microns. Furthermore, there is some evidence that the excessive diffusion is occurring in the surface layers of the resist or at the air: resist interface itself (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1540-1544
Number of pages5
JournalMicroelectronic Engineering
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008


  • lithography
  • photoacid diffusion
  • molecular resist
  • melamine
  • electron beam resist
  • triphenylene
  • chemical amplification


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