Analysis of the 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 gene (HSD11B2) in human essential hypertension

B Mariniello, V Ronconi, C Sardu, A Pagliericcio, F Galletti, P Strazzullo, M Palermo, M Boscaro, Paul Stewart, F Mantero, G Giacchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The HSD11B2 gene, encoding the kidney isoenzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, is a candidate for essential hypertension. We previously showed that the frequency of shorter alleles of a CA repeat polymorphism in the first intron of 11 beta-HSD2 gene was significantly higher among salt-sensitive than salt-resistant individuals with hypertension. The aim of the study was to analyze the HSD11B2 gene to assess whether some of its variants might be involved in hypertension. Methods: Exons 2, 3, 4, and 5 were screened by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis in 292 hypertensive patients and 163 control subjects. The samples with variant electrophoretic patterns at single-strand conformation polymorphism were re-analyzed using an automated DNA sequencer. A case-control study was then performed by comparing genotype frequencies in hypertensive and normotensive subjects. Results: Analysis of the HSD11B2 showed that in hypertensive patients there is a higher prevalence of two associated polymorphisms, Thr156/Thr(C468A) in exon 2 (ex2) and Glu178/Glu(G534A) in exon 3 (ex3), than in normotensive subjects (9% v 2.4%). This association did not correlate with salt sensitivity. C468A alone correlates significantly with hypertension (9%) and was identified only in 3% of control subjects (P <.05), whereas G534A was identified also in about 7% of normotensive subjects. The urinary free cortisol/urinary free cortisone ratio (UFF/UFE) was significantly higher in hypertensive patients compared with control subjects (P <.01). Conclusions: Two different polymorphisms of the HSD11B2 gene were observed. The association of both polymorphisms was significantly higher in hypertensive subjects than in control subjects. Its role should be further investigated, but it could be related to other mutations in the promoter region of HSD11B2 or to the modulation of 11 beta HSD2 mRNA processing in hypertensive subjects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1098
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005


  • genetics
  • sodium dependent
  • polymorphisms
  • hypertension
  • HSD11B2


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of the 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 gene (HSD11B2) in human essential hypertension'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this