Analysis of Highway Sloped Median Performance for Containment of Errant Vehicles

Oluremi Olatunbosun, Rui He, Olurotimi Shitta-Bey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

150 Downloads (Pure)


Errant vehicles occur as a result of the driver losing control of the vehicle.
This may be due to sudden illness, dozing off or skidding while attempting a
manoeuvre. In containing such an errant vehicle on a highway, the priority is
to avoid collision with other vehicles. A sloped highway median provides a
run-off area for such vehicles where the vehicle can be slowed down and
stopped without the danger of being re-directed into the path of other vehicles
as may occur with edge barriers. Here, the effect of a containment barrier at
the bottom of the sloped median is studied with a view to prevent the vehicle
from being redirected outside the median after colliding with the barrier. The
focus of this work is on the change of kinematic states due to the collision, so
a momentum-based vehicle collision analysis is developed, with the collision
energy loss related to the vehicle stiffness being considered by coefficient of
restitution. The average maximum lateral displacements post-collision are
read from the diagram of vehicle x-y trajectories. In this way, the most suitable
median slope 1:6 is selected.
Original languageEnglish
Article number82240
Pages (from-to)68-80
Number of pages13
JournalWorld Journal of Engineering and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018


  • Vehicle Collision Model,
  • Highway Sloped Median,
  • Simulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of Highway Sloped Median Performance for Containment of Errant Vehicles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this