An X-ray investigation of the NGC346 field in the SMC (1): The LBV HD 5980 and the NGC346 cluster

Y Naze, Joanna Hartwell, Ian Stevens, MF Corcoran, Y-H Chu, G Koenigsberger, AFJ Moffat, VS Niemela

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We present results from a Chandra observation of the NGC 346 cluster. This cluster contains numerous massive stars and is responsible for the ionization of N66, the most luminous H II region and the largest star formation region in the SMC. In this first paper we will focus on the characteristics of the main objects of the field. The NGC 346 cluster itself shows only relatively faint X-ray emission (with L-X(unabs) similar to 1.5x10(34) ergs s(-1)), tightly correlated with the core of the cluster. In the field also lies HD 5980, a luminous blue variable star in a binary (or possibly a triple) system that is detected for the first time at X-ray energies. The star is X-ray bright, with an unabsorbed luminosity of L-X(unabs) similar to 1.7x10(34) ergs s(-1), but needs to be monitored further to investigate its X-ray variability over a complete 19 day orbital cycle. The high X-ray luminosity may be associated either with colliding winds in the binary system or with the 1994 eruption. HD 5980 is surrounded by a region of diffuse X-ray emission, which is a supernova remnant. While it may be only a chance alignment with HD 5980, such a spatial coincidence may indicate that the remnant is indeed related to this peculiar massive star.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-234
Number of pages10
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2002


  • Magellanic Clouds
  • X-rays : individual (NGC 346, HD 5980)
  • galaxies : star clusters
  • X-rays : stars


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