An efficient optimization and comparative analysis of cascade refrigeration system using NH3 /CO2 and C3H8/CO2 refrigerant pairs

Vivek Patel, Deep Panchal, Anil Prajapati, Anurag Mudgal, Philip Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
183 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A cascade refrigeration system operating with CO2 in the low temperature circuit and NH3 as well as C3H8 in the high temperature circuit are investigated for the thermo-economic optimization. Optimization results are used for the comparative analysis of both the refrigerant pairs (NH3/CO2 vs. C3H8/CO2). Optimization problem is formulated to minimize the total annual cost and exergy destruction of the system, and solved using a heat transfer search algorithm. Four operating parameters such as evaporator temperature, condenser temperature, condensing temperature of the low temperature circuit, and cascade temperature difference are investigated for the optimization. An application example of cascade refrigeration system is presented. Results are obtained in the form of Pareto-optimal points. Comparative results reveal that C3H8/CO2 pair offered 5.33% lower cost and 6.42% higher exergy destruction compared to NH3/CO2 pair. The effect of design variables and its sensitivity to the performance of cascade system are also presented and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-76
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume102
Early online date4 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Cascade refrigeration system
  • Exergy
  • Annualized cost
  • Thermo-economic
  • Optimization

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