Adiabatic compressed air energy storage with packed bed thermal energy storage

Edward Barbour, Dimitri Mignard, Yulong Ding, Yongliang Li

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138 Citations (Scopus)
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The majority of articles on Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES) so far have focused on the use of indirect-contact heat exchangers and a thermal fluid in which to store the compression heat. While packed beds have been suggested, a detailed analysis of A-CAES with packed beds is lacking in the available literature. This paper presents such an analysis. We develop a numerical model of an A-CAES system with packed beds and validate it against analytical solutions. Our results suggest that an efficiency in excess of 70% should be achievable, which is higher than many of the previous estimates for A-CAES systems using indirect-contact heat exchangers. We carry out an exergy analysis for a single charge–storage–discharge cycle to see where the main losses are likely to transpire and we find that the main losses occur in the compressors and expanders (accounting for nearly 20% of the work input) rather than in the packed beds. The system is then simulated for continuous cycling and it is found that the build-up of leftover heat from previous cycles in the packed beds results in higher steady state temperature profiles of the packed beds. This leads to a small reduction (<0.5%) in efficiency for continuous operation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)804-815
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date3 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015


  • Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage
  • Packed beds
  • Thermal energy storage
  • Thermodynamic analysis


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