Anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies (ANCA) are implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic vasculitis. Intact ANCA IgG activate superoxide generation in cytokine-primed neutrophils after binding their antigens and co-engaging Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaR). The contribution of antigen binding via ANCA F(ab')(2) fragments to signaling has been unclear. This study shows that both ANCA IgG and F(ab')(2) fragments of ANCA IgG induce significant GTPase activity, which could be blocked with pertussis toxin and anti-G(i) protein antibodies. Pertussis toxin inhibited ANCA IgG-induced superoxide generation but was without effect on superoxide production after conventional FcgammaR ligation. ANCA F(ab')(2) fragments did not induce superoxide generation. ANCA IgG activated PI 3-kinase-generating PIP(3), activated protein kinase B (PKB), and p21(ras); activation of each mediator was inhibited with pertussis toxin, but PI3K and PKB were not activated by ANCA IgG F(ab')(2) fragments. Intact ANCA IgG induced tyrosine phosphorylation, whereas F(ab')(2) fragments did not, and ANCA IgG-mediated superoxide generation was inhibited with genistein. Both genistein and pertussis toxin together completely abrogated the ANCA-induced oxidative burst. Genistein also inhibited ANCA IgG-induced PIP(3) generation and p21(ras) activation. These data implicate a novel ANCA IgG stimulated signaling pathway that involves both F(ab')(2)-mediated antigen binding and Fc-mediated FcgammaR ligation in cooperative interactions between G(i) proteins and tyrosine kinases that facilitates activation of downstream mediators.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2003|