Action Coordination in Groups and Individuals: Learning Anticipatory Control

Gunther Knoblich, S Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

188 Citations (Scopus)


When individuals act alone, they can internally coordinate the actions at hand. Such coordination is not feasible when individuals act together in a group. The present research examines to what extent groups encounter specific challenges when acting jointly and whether these challenges impede extending planning into the future. Individuals and groups carried out a tracking task that required learning a new anticipatory control strategy. The results show that groups face additional demands that are harder to overcome when planning needs to be extended into the future. Information about others' actions is a necessary condition for groups to effectively learn to extend their plans. Possible mechanisms for exerting and learning anticipatory control are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1016
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


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