Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the psychological and emotional welfare of sport participants

JW Adie, Joan Duda, Nikolaos Ntoumanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)
2724 Downloads (Pure)


Grounded in the 2 × 2 achievement goal framework (Elliot & McGregor, 2001), a model was tested examining the hypothesized relationships between approach and avoidance (mastery and performance) goals, challenge and threat appraisals of sport competition, and positive and negative indices of well-being (i.e., self-esteem, positive, and negative affect). A further aim was to determine the degree to which the cognitive appraisals mediated the relationship between the four achievement goals and the indicators of athletes’ welfare. Finally, measurement and structural invariance was tested with respect to gender in the hypothesized model. An alternative model was also estimated specifying self-esteem as an antecedent of the four goals and cognitive appraisals. Four hundred and twenty-four team sport participants (Mage = 24.25) responded to a multisection questionnaire. Structural equation modeling analyses provided support for the hypothesized model only. Challenge and threat appraisals partially mediated the relationships observed between mastery-based goals and the well-being indicators. Lastly, the hypothesized model was found to be invariant across gender.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-22
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008


  • well-being
  • structural equation modeling
  • mediation analyses
  • approach and avoidance goals
  • cognitive appraisals
  • gender invariance
  • negative affect
  • self esteem
  • motivational climate
  • mediational
  • analysis
  • physical education
  • personal goals
  • performance
  • model
  • task
  • questionnaire


Dive into the research topics of 'Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the psychological and emotional welfare of sport participants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this