A study on the phase transformation of γ2-Al8Mn5 to LT-Al11Mn4 during solutionizing in AZ91 alloy

R. Sarvesha, Ubaid ur Rehman Ghori, G. Thirunavukkarasu, Yu Lung Chiu, Ian P. Jones, J. Jain*, S. S. Singh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


γ2-Al8Mn5 intermetallic particles are generally present in commercial Mg-Al-Zn alloys. The present study is concerned with the effect of solutionizing on the morphology and phase stability of the γ2-Al8Mn5 particles in an as-cast AZ91 alloy. Analysis using energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) in a scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atom probe tomography (APT) suggests that solutionizing resulted in uphill diffusion of Al from the α-Mg matrix resulting in the phase transformation of γ2-Al8Mn5 to Low Temperature (LT) -Al11Mn4 phase. This leads to a shell type structure of LT-Al11Mn4 encapsulating γ2-Al8Mn5 and the formation of cracks in the LT-Al11Mn4 phase. These can propagate during external loading, affecting the mechanical properties. Additionally, the content of Fe and Si decreased in the LT-Al11Mn4, which could potentially decrease locally the corrosion resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number159836
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
SSS acknowledges the financial support received from IIT Kanpur (Project No: IITK/MET/2015372 ). JJ acknowledges the financial assistance provided by the India-Birmingham Institute Fellowship during his stay at Birmingham. We also acknowledge the Electron Microscopy Facility support at the Advanced Center for Materials Science ( ACMS ) at IIT Kanpur for characterization.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Atom probe tomography
  • AZ91
  • LT-AlMn
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • γ-AlMn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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