A review of boiling heat transfer characteristics in binary mixtures

Jian Xu, Yi Wang, Ren Yang, Wanlong Liu, Hongwei Wu, Yulong Ding*, Yongliang Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
188 Downloads (Pure)


This paper reviews the state-of-the-art knowledge of boiling heat transfer in binary mixtures with special emphasis placed on the heating and cooling industry. The advantage of using refrigerant mixtures over pure refrigerants include the enhancement of system coefficient of performance (COP), better match with the desired thermal load and being safer, more environmental-friendly refrigerants. In other words, the concept of using mixtures enables more flexible selection of suitable working fluids in particular thermal applications. The purpose of this review article aims to summarize the important published articles on boiling heat transfer in binary mixtures, as well as to identify limitations to existing studies, hereby providing guidelines, directing future studies and invoking further innovations of this well-established but still promising thermal management technique. The present article reviews straightforward on both pool boiling and flow boiling of binary mixtures in a systematic and comprehensive way. Specifically, in addition to the effects of fluid composition, heat flux, mass flux, pressure and heater surface condition, this article also reviews the effects of mass diffusion, heats from dilution and dissolution on pool boiling heat transfer of binary mixtures, along with the effects of flow orientation, flow regime and flow instability on flow boiling heat transfer of binary mixtures. Many papers reviewed herein relate to the heat transfer correlations towards boiling of binary mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120570
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Early online date22 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Binary mixtures
  • Flow boiling
  • Heat transfer coefficient
  • Heat transfer correlation
  • Mass diffusion resistance
  • Pool boiling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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