A preliminary electron backscattered diffraction study of sintered NdFeB-type magnets

Sarah Lillywhite, Andrew Williams, Benjamin Davies, Ivor Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports, for the first time, the use of electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) to study orientation in sintered NdFeB type magnets. The magnetic properties of NdFeB magnets are greatly improved if a strong crystallographic texture is firstly achieved, namely, the direction of the c-axis is along the direction of magnetization. A systematic survey of sample preparation techniques showed that samples that were mechanically polished and then etched gave the most reliable EBSD data. Analyses were made using both fully automated EBSD scans and by EBSD measurements taken after manual movement of the beam. The EBSD results are presented as secondary electron SEM micrographs, orientation images and 001 pole figures. For the selection of grains investigated, the deviation of the c-axis was shown to be between 10degrees and 30degrees from the ideal [001]//magnetization direction. It is demonstrated that EBSD is a valuable tool for characterizing the microstructure and texture relationships and for assessing the performance of the processing routes of NdFeB magnets.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-277
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Microscopy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2002


  • sintering
  • sample preparation
  • electron backscattered diffraction
  • NdFeB alloys
  • magnetic alignment
  • crystallographic alignment


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