## Abstract

Context. Space-based observations of solar-like oscillations present an opportunity to constrain stellar models using individual mode frequencies. However, current stellar models are inaccurate near the surface, which introduces a systematic difference that must be corrected.

Aims. We introduce and evaluate two parametrizations of the surface corrections based on formulae given by Gough (1990, LNP, 367, 283). The first we call a cubic term proportional to ν3/ ℐ and the second has an additional inverse term proportional to ν-1/ ℐ, where ν and ℐ are the frequency and inertia of an oscillation mode.

Methods. We first show that these formulae accurately correct model frequencies of two different solar models (Model S and a calibrated MESA model) when compared to observed BiSON frequencies. In particular, even the cubic form alone fits significantly better than a power law. We then incorporate the parametrizations into a modelling pipeline that simultaneously fits the surface effects and the underlying stellar model parameters. We apply this pipeline to synthetic observations of a Sun-like stellar model, solar observations degraded to typical asteroseismic uncertainties, and observations of the well-studied CoRoT target HD 52265. For comparison, we also run the pipeline with the scaled power-law correction proposed by Kjeldsen et al. (2008, ApJ, 683, L175).

Results. The fits to synthetic and degraded solar data show that the method is unbiased and produces best-fit parameters that are consistent with the input models and known parameters of the Sun. Our results for HD 52265 are consistent with previous modelling efforts and the magnitude of the surface correction is similar to that of the Sun. The fit using a scaled power-law correction is significantly worse but yields consistent parameters, suggesting that HD 52265 is sufficiently Sun-like for the same power-law to be applicable.

Conclusions. We find that the cubic term alone is suitable for asteroseismic applications and it is easy to implement in an existing pipeline. It reproduces the frequency dependence of the surface correction better than a power-law fit, both when comparing calibrated solar models to BiSON observations and when fitting stellar models using the individual frequencies. This parametrization is thus a useful new way to correct model frequencies so that observations of individual mode frequencies can be exploited.

Aims. We introduce and evaluate two parametrizations of the surface corrections based on formulae given by Gough (1990, LNP, 367, 283). The first we call a cubic term proportional to ν3/ ℐ and the second has an additional inverse term proportional to ν-1/ ℐ, where ν and ℐ are the frequency and inertia of an oscillation mode.

Methods. We first show that these formulae accurately correct model frequencies of two different solar models (Model S and a calibrated MESA model) when compared to observed BiSON frequencies. In particular, even the cubic form alone fits significantly better than a power law. We then incorporate the parametrizations into a modelling pipeline that simultaneously fits the surface effects and the underlying stellar model parameters. We apply this pipeline to synthetic observations of a Sun-like stellar model, solar observations degraded to typical asteroseismic uncertainties, and observations of the well-studied CoRoT target HD 52265. For comparison, we also run the pipeline with the scaled power-law correction proposed by Kjeldsen et al. (2008, ApJ, 683, L175).

Results. The fits to synthetic and degraded solar data show that the method is unbiased and produces best-fit parameters that are consistent with the input models and known parameters of the Sun. Our results for HD 52265 are consistent with previous modelling efforts and the magnitude of the surface correction is similar to that of the Sun. The fit using a scaled power-law correction is significantly worse but yields consistent parameters, suggesting that HD 52265 is sufficiently Sun-like for the same power-law to be applicable.

Conclusions. We find that the cubic term alone is suitable for asteroseismic applications and it is easy to implement in an existing pipeline. It reproduces the frequency dependence of the surface correction better than a power-law fit, both when comparing calibrated solar models to BiSON observations and when fitting stellar models using the individual frequencies. This parametrization is thus a useful new way to correct model frequencies so that observations of individual mode frequencies can be exploited.

Original language | English |
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Article number | A123 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Astronomy and Astrophysics |

Volume | 568 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Aug 2014 |

## Keywords

- stars: individual: HD 52265
- asteroseismology
- stars: oscillations