TY - JOUR

T1 - A New Characterization of Sporadic Simple Group M22 via Its Vanishing Elements

AU - Shen, Zhencai

AU - Zhang, Baoyu

AU - Zhang, Jinshan

AU - Shi, Wujie

AU - Du, Ni

PY - 2024/5/5

Y1 - 2024/5/5

N2 - For a finite group G, a vanishing element of G is an element g ∈ G such that χ(g) = 0 for some irreducible complex character χ of G. Denote by πe(G) the set of orders of elements in G and by Vo(G) the set of the orders of vanishing elements of G. A group M is said to be recognizable if every finite group N with πe(M) = πe(N) is isomorphic to M, and V-recognizable if every finite group N with Vo(M) = Vo(N) is isomorphic to M. This paper investigates the relationship between recognizable and V-recognizable groups. As an application, we show that G ≅ M22 if and only if Vo(G) = Vo(M22). Hence we give a partial positive answer to [arXiv:1401.0300v12, Problem 19.30].

AB - For a finite group G, a vanishing element of G is an element g ∈ G such that χ(g) = 0 for some irreducible complex character χ of G. Denote by πe(G) the set of orders of elements in G and by Vo(G) the set of the orders of vanishing elements of G. A group M is said to be recognizable if every finite group N with πe(M) = πe(N) is isomorphic to M, and V-recognizable if every finite group N with Vo(M) = Vo(N) is isomorphic to M. This paper investigates the relationship between recognizable and V-recognizable groups. As an application, we show that G ≅ M22 if and only if Vo(G) = Vo(M22). Hence we give a partial positive answer to [arXiv:1401.0300v12, Problem 19.30].

U2 - 10.1007/s11464-021-0500-1

DO - 10.1007/s11464-021-0500-1

M3 - Article

SN - 2731-8656

VL - 19

SP - 551

EP - 558

JO - Frontiers of Mathematics

JF - Frontiers of Mathematics

IS - 3

ER -