A new adaptive sliding mode control for Macpherson strut suspension system with magneto-rheological damper

Saikat Dutta, Sang Min Choi, Seung Bok Choi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This work proposes a new adaptive sliding mode controller to enhance ride comfort and steering stability of automobile associated with a semi-active magneto-rheological damper. In this study, a Macpherson strut type suspension system which is widely used in light vehicles is considered. The dynamic model of the Macpherson strut with magneto-rheological damper is obtained and the governing equations are then formulated using kinematic properties of the suspension system following Lagrange's formulation. In the formulation of the model, both the rotation of the wheel assembly and the lateral stiffness of the tire are considered to represent the nonlinear characteristic of Macpherson type suspension system. Subsequently, in order to effectively reduce unwanted vibrations, a new adaptive sliding mode controller is designed by adopting moving sliding surface instead of conventional fixed sliding surface. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller, a cylindrical magneto-rheological damper is designed and manufactured on the basis of practical application conditions such as required damping force. Then, ride comfort, suspension travel, and road handling are evaluated and some benefits of the proposed controller such as enhanced ride comfort are evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2795-2809
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2016


  • equivalent linearization
  • fuzzy adaptive control
  • Macpherson strut
  • magneto-rheological damper
  • moving sliding surface
  • sliding mode control
  • vehicle suspension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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