Objectives: The authors aimed to develop a moral intervention and to determine whether it was more effective in preventing doping than an educational (i.e., knowledge-based) intervention; their primary outcome was doping likelihood, and the secondary outcomes were moral identity, moral disengagement, moral atmosphere, and anticipated guilt. Methods: Eligible athletes (N = 303) in the United Kingdom and Greece took part in the study. The authors randomly assigned 33 clubs to either the moral or the educational intervention. They measured outcomes pre- A nd postintervention and at 3- A nd 6-month follow-up. Results: Athletes in both interventions in both countries reported lower doping likelihood and moral disengagement and higher guilt from pre-to postintervention. These effects were maintained at the 3- A nd 6-month follow-ups. There were no effects on moral identity or moral atmosphere. Conclusions: In addition to disseminating information about doping, doping prevention programs should include content that focuses on moral variables.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), Social Science Research program (2015–2018). The authors would like to express their appreciation to WADA for funding this project. P.H. and A.K. were research associates at the University of Birmingham when this research was conducted.
- Anticipated guilt
- Moral atmosphere
- Moral disengagement
- Moral identity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology