This study of the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) of γ′-strengthened Ni superalloy CM247LC focuses on the development of a melt pool temperature model to predict crack density within the alloy. This study also analyzes spatter and elemental evaporation, which might cause defects and inhomogeneities, at different melt pool temperatures. The melt pool temperature model provides more accurate predictions than the widely used energy density model. Spatter particles were collected and characterized to study their sizes and chemical compositions, compared with the virgin powder, recycled powder, and as-built samples, to probe the impact of their entrapment into the melt pool. This study also investigated Al evaporation, revealing that its extent does not correlate with the laser energy density and is believed to be rather limited by comparing the chemistry of the virgin powder and the build. Last, the impact of LPBF process parameters on the formation of these inhomogeneities, and accordingly crack formation, was studied using finite element analysis by estimating the maximum melt pool temperature and correlating it with the formation of the microstructural inhomogeneities. The morphology of the various cracking modes was associated with the process parameters.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Early online date||5 Oct 2021|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
One of the authors (DW) thanks the China Scholarship Council for the award to study for 1 year at the University of Birmingham (Grant No. 201706155082).
© 2021, The Author(s).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys