A level set based method for fixing overhangs in 3D printing

Simone Cacace, Emiliano Cristiani, Leonardo Rocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
190 Downloads (Pure)


3D printers based on the additive manufacturing technology create objects layer-by-layer dropping fused material. As a consequence, strong overhangs cannot be printed because the new-come material does not find a suitable support over the last deposed layer. In these cases, one can add support structures (scaffolds) which make the object printable, to be removed at the end. In this paper, we propose a level set based method to create object-dependent support structures, specifically conceived to reduce both the amount of additional material and the printing time. We also review some open problems about 3D printing which can be of interests for the mathematical community.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Mathematical Modelling
Early online date9 Feb 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Feb 2017


  • Level set method
  • Hamilton–Jacobi equations
  • Support structure
  • Scaffolding
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Fused deposition modelling


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