A Configurable μVPP with Managed Energy Services: A Malmo Western Harbour Case

Hao Fu, Zhi Wu, Jianing Li, Xiao-ping Zhang, Jochim Brandt

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This paper describes an exemplar pre-commercial micro Virtual Power Plant (μVPP) that has been successfully commissioned and operated since July 2014 in Malmo, Sweden. The embedded Home Energy Management System concurrently manages downstream assets within a typical residential community of multiple apartments and delivers different energy services that benefit both end-users and system operators. A Fuzzy Logic based generic algorithm is developed to accommodate different types of services with the appreciation of system constraints. Each managed energy service is demonstrated in terms of its function, the level of utilization for asset capacity and the economic benefit to participants. It addresses the viability of mass market promotion for this μVPP by establishing detailed business model for all participants in the energy portfolio.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-178
JournalIEEE Power and Energy Technology Systems Journal
Issue number4
Early online date31 Aug 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Aug 2016


  • home appliances
  • energy management
  • batteries
  • optimization
  • real-time systems
  • heat pumps
  • power generation


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