In this study, we present a Sudanese 46,XY patient raised as a female and diagnosed at the age of 20 years with having 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17β-HSD3) deficiency. She presented with primary amenorrhea, undeveloped breasts and a male pattern of secondary sexual characteristics. Examination of her external genitalia showed type IV genital circumcision. Steroid measurements both in urine and serum pointed to 17β-HSD3 deficiency. A novel homozygous splice-site mutation [c.524 + 2T>A] was detected in intron 7 of the HSD17B3 gene. In this patient, steroid concentration clearly supported both the clinical diagnosis of 17β-HSD3 deficiency and the functional relevance of the mutation. Interestingly, despite of the type IV genital circumcision, the patient expressed her interest in reassigning her sex from female to male.
- 17-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
- 46, XY Disorders of Sex Development
- Point Mutation
- Sex Reassignment Procedures
- Young Adult