3D printing of layered ceramic/carbon fiber composite with improved toughness

Jinxing Sun, Shixiang Yu, James Wade-Zhu, Xiaoteng Chen, Jon Binner, Jiaming Bai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Strong and tough ceramic materials are required for many structural applications, however, these properties tend to be mutually exclusive in many man-made ceramic materials. Inspired by composition of biological materials such as nacre, this work offers a simple and versatile 3D printing approach based on the concept of layered ceramics to overcome such limitations, obtaining both high strength and toughness. The resulting layered ceramic/carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites exhibit an excellent combination of high strength, fracture toughness and work of fracture. Such fracture-resistant behavior can be attributed to the toughening mechanisms of crack deflection, lamellae and fiber ‘pull-out’, polymer inelastic deformation, and interfacial debonding. This strategy enables the fabrication of layered ceramic/polymer composites with remarkable properties, thus demonstrating its potential applicability to fabricating other layered composites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102543
Number of pages9
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Early online date1 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the assistance of SUSTech Core Research Facilities. This work was financially supported by Guangdong Province International Collaboration Programme [Grant no. 2019A050510003 ] and Shenzhen International Collaboration Programme [Grant no. GJHZ20200731095606021 ] and Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Commission [Grant no. KQTD20190929172505711 ].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Carbon fiber
  • Fracture toughness
  • Layered ceramic composite
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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