3-D printed analytical platform for automation of fluid manipulation applied to leaky waveguide biosensors

Nicholas J. Goddard, Ruchi Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Automation of fluid manipulation is needed to increase throughput and reproducibility of experiments while reducing the time spent by researchers on performing repetitive tasks. Current solutions are, however, bulky and expensive, and hence not suited to enable automation in academic laboratories. This work, therefore, reports a low-cost, modular and programmable analytical platform comprising 3-D printed autosampler and peristaltic pump with footprints of 248 mm by 243 mm and 104 mm by 112 mm, respectively. The autosampler consisted of four sample probes/needles that can be driven independently to any of the available solution vials placed along the circumference of a circle. The 3-D printed autosampler developed in this work can access higher number of solution vials independently and is lower cost, but can accommodate fewer solution vials, than commercial devices. The autosampler and peristaltic pump were applied to determine: 1) refractive index sensitivity; 2) porosity; and 3) sensing capability of leaky waveguides (LWs) where the read-out instrument was also 3-D printed. We demonstrated that the automation of fluids enabled by the analytical platform improved the accuracy of results by separating the effect of temperature drifts from analyte solutions from the output of LWs. This work shows that 3-D printed instrumentation can provide results comparable with standard laboratory versions at much lower cost, making it ideal for use in resource-limited settings, and with the possibility of customization as experimental needs change.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7502612
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2021


  • 3-D printing
  • additive manufacturing
  • automation
  • autosampler
  • leaky waveguide (LW)
  • peristaltic pump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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