It is usually considered that the spectrum of an optical cavity coupled to an atomic medium does not exhibit a normal-mode splitting unless the system satisfies the "strong coupling" condition, meaning the Rabi frequency of the coherent coupling exceeds the decay rates of atom and cavity excitations. We show that this need not be the case, but depends on the way in which the coupled system is probed. Measurements of the reflection of a probe laser from the input mirror of an overdamped cavity reveal an avoided crossing in the spectrum which is not observed when driving the atoms directly and measuring the Purcell-enhanced cavity emission. We understand these observations by noting a formal correspondence with electromagnetically-induced transparency of a three-level atom in free space, where our cavity acts as the absorbing medium and the coupled atoms play the role of the control field.
Two original data files “reflection_20140716.dat” and “flourescence_20150708.dat” corresponding to reflection and fluorescence measurement presented in the paper.
Both files are in format of plain text file.
The first column is the absolute laser frequency which the microcavity was locked to.
The second column is the RF frequency used to drive the double-pass acousto-optic modulator.
The columns afterward are the experimental data (APD counts) corresponding to sequential time bins. The numbers are in floating-point format as result of averaging.